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cut flower

            chrysanthemum

BOTANICAL NAME                                 stem bindings as well as any leaves that      REFRIGERATION Immediately place chrysan-
Chrysanthemum X morifolium                     would be under water in storage contain-      themums into a floral cooler at 33 F to 36
                                               ers. Sleeves or nets may be removed later;
COMMON NAMES                                   keeping them on at this point can help        F, and allow them to hydrate for at least two
Chrysanthemum, Mum                             protect the blooms.
Disbud chrysanthemum                           STEM CUTTING Recut the stems on an angle      hours before using or selling them. If you
                                               with a sharp, sterile blade, removing at
DESCRIPTION                                    least 1 inch of stem. Be sure to cut off any  did not remove sleeves earlier, take them
Disbud chrysanthemums have one large           woody portions. Do not pound or break
single bloom per stem. These single blooms     stem ends; doing so damages the stems’        off before placing the flowers into a cooler
are achieved by removing the side branch-      vascular system, which inhibits water up-
ing blooms from the stems (disbudding),        take. If you cut stems under water, change    to encourage air circulation between stems
enabling the center flower to grow larger.     the water or flower-food solution frequently
                                               to prevent it from becoming contaminated      and blooms. Nets can be left on the blooms
   Bloom forms include daisy; decorative       with bacteria.
(cushion, Dahlia-type); spider; feathered;     HYDRATION Immediately after cutting the       until the flowers are arranged or sold.
anemone (mounded cushionlike center;           stem ends, dip or place them into a hydra-
cremone, ‘Cremon’, etc.); incurve (football,   tion solution, to help the flowers take up      buying tips
standard, China); and more.                    nutrient solution more quickly.
                                                                                                  n Many types of disbud mums
COLORS                                         NUTRITION Following the hydration solution         are sold individually while others
Disbud chrysanthemums are available in         treatment, promptly place flower stems             are sold in bunches of five or 10.
lavender, purple, red-violet, burgundy, red,   into clean, disinfected storage containers         However they’re sold, inspect
pink, orange, salmon, yellow, bronze, but-     partially filled with properly proportioned        each bloom, even those that are
terscotch, green, cream and white, as well     flower-food solution. The nutrient (sugar)         “netted,” for damage that causes
as bicolors. (Green, white and green/white     in flower-food solution is not beneficial          shattering (petal drop).
bicolor varieties are featured in the variety  to disbud chrysanthemums, but flower               n Make sure foliage is deep
glossary on the opposite page.)                food should always be used to control the          green (no yellowing or brown
                                               growth of bacteria in storage and arrange-         spots), crisp and turgid, and that
VASE LIFE                                      ment containers.                                   stems are thick and strong.
Cut disbud chrysanthemums typically last
from seven to 14 days at the consumer             Notes: Yellowing foliage is a common         fun facts
level, depending on variety, maturity at the   problem for many chrysanthemum vari-
time of sale and the care they receive.        eties, and it can be exacerbated by flower         WHAT’S IN A NAME The genus name
                                               food prepared at higher-than-recommended           “Chrysanthemum” is from the
AVAILABILITY                                   concentrations; therefore, be sure to mix          Greek words chrysos (golden)
These flowers are available year-round.        flower-food solutions properly.                    and anthos or anthemon (flower).

vase-life extenders                               Also, do not place chrysanthemums and           FAMILY MATTERS These flowers are
                                               carnations together in storage containers          members of the huge Asteraceae
PROMPT ATTENTION Immediately remove            because certain microorganisms originating         (Compositae) family. Close rela-
mums from their shipping boxes, and check      from carnation stems can reduce the vase           tives include Gerberas, Dahlias,
flower quality. Chrysanthemums are par-        life of chrysanthemums when both flower            Zinnias, marguerites, sunflowers,
ticularly susceptible to dehydration during    types are stored in the same containers.           marigolds, China asters and
shipment. If you cannot process these                                                             many more.
flowers right away, place the flower boxes in
a floral cooler until you can get to them.                                                        HOME SWEET HOME Chrysanthe-
PREPARATION FOR PROCESSING Remove any                                                             mums originated in China prior
                                                                                                  to 500 B.C. and were introduced
Super Floral has created this page for the education of store-level employees. To                 into Japan around A.D. 400 and
download a reprintable PDF, please go to www.superfloral.com and select “Current Issue.”          into Europe (England) in 1795.

                                                                                                  ROYAL TIES In the fifth century,
                                                                                                  the chrysanthemum became the
                                                                                                  emblem of Japan’s imperial fam-
                                                                                                  ily. The Chrysanthemum Throne
                                                                                                  is the common term for the Impe-
                                                                                                  rial Throne of Japan, the oldest
                                                                                                  continuing hereditary monarchy
                                                                                                  in the world (2,700 years,125
                                                                                                  monarchs).

16 www.superfloral.com / july 2015
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